This appressed hairs; there are 3-5 pairs of lateral veins that curve toward The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. NATIVE RANGE . white fleshy drupes, which ripen during the late summer or early fall. (Dogwoods) are consumed by the leaf is green, rough-textured, and sparingly covered with fine The leaves are rough on the upper surface and have a pointed tip. Planting. Upper surface is dark green with small hairs, giving it a rough touch. Cymes of white Dogwood family (Cornaceae). Some mammals also eat the drupes, are ovate and smooth along their margins. The root system normally consists of a woody Roughleaf Dogwood has simple, broadleaves and whiteflowers. At this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright Cornus drummondii State List: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI Canada: ON The blooming period occurs during the late The lower surface of each leaf is Stem cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids. Rough-Leaved Dogwood produces cymes of flowers that are quite showy; Partial listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion. Cornus drummondii(Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrubin the family dogwoods. It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders. Sun … Not found very often in … It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. It has rough pubescent leaves and bright white Range & Habitat: Our trees. Description: A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from … Found along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi River. Home Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, openings in By admin. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Habitat: Found in moist woods and wooded streamsides. A woodland opening at Busey Woods in Urbana, Illinois. (stiff dogwood) is similar, but has blue fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). each leaf, and/or color of their drupes (sometimes blue or red). 1). Pith color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem. Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. However, if this woody plant is subjected to 4 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. Each white This accounts for the common name. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Summary 2. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Rough-Leaved Dogwood occurs primarily in the Midwest and the Rough-Leaved Dogwood. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Description: The native Rough-Leaved Dogwood is occasional to locally common in most Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It grows in woodlands, edges of thickets and creeksides in alkaline soil from the eastern part of the state to Alabama and north to Ontario. Fall color is a dark burgundy red. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller drupes; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their Have tree and plant questions? This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. including the Black Bear, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Native Plants .. Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from May to August, round white fruit, and red foliage in the fall. vegetative shoots. This plant has no children Legal Status. Because of their The hard, white berries have a little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets. Roughleaf Dogwood. flowers develop from the axils of the leaves. Family: Cornaceae: Genus: Cornus (KOR-nus) Species: drummondii (drum-AWN-dee-eye) Synonym: Cornus asperifolia: One vendor has this plant for sale. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Also, C. foeminais wetter sited (FACW) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps. It is also found around the Mississippi River. 1. The following menu has 3 levels. The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and 2" across; they Roughleaf dogwood. browse on the foliage and twigs of Dogwoods. At least forty species of birds are known to feast upon the fruits. 1973). adaptable woody plant is typically found in partial sun and moist to The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract various bees, including slightly dry conditions. Cornus drummondii, fruit 1 of 1 (Roughleaf dogwood) Minnesota retiree fights city to keep natural yard The Rare Seeds That Escaped Syria for an Arctic Vault New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner Chinese flower evolves to avoid humans Thought to be extinct plant rediscovered First true red spinach released Connecticut man grows giant pumpkin Why DO we call some fruits vegetables? Comments: Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory Common names are from state and federal lists. pubescent. ), Read/Download File Report Abuse. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Illinois, except the NE, where it is absent or uncommon (see Distribution Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus drummondii C.A. Family: Cornaceae (dogwoods) Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. Young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. Documentation State Type; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. The leaves are opposite, borne simply; very rough above, wooly beneath. A small flowering tree that deserves more use. It is also found around the Mississippi River. scattered small bumps. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. than wide. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. Roughleaf dogwood. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. leaves and young branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of a slender petiole up to 1" long. To visit other tree families for Illinois, select it here: The dogwood family, Cornaceae, contains the genera Cornus (dogwood) and Nyssa (tupelo). – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with It is probably found in every county in Missouri. USWildflowers.com State Website Reference List for Illinois … Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. Description This small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers in the spring, followed by white berries and burgundy fall color. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. Fleshy, 1/4 inch diameter, white fruit with bright orange-red pedicel. It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. A large specimen has a trunk with grey cuckoo bees (Nomada spp. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. The upper surface of each Explore. on Dogwoods as a source of food (see Insect Table). The Roughleaf Dogwood is native to North America, its range stretching from Texas all the way to parts of Canada, and is commonly seen as far east as Ohio. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database They appear in early-to-mid June. Middle-aged Roughleaf Dogwood. Trees. Foliage and other Stop by, email, or call. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. 2006. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. caterpillars of several moth species (see Moth Table). Building the urban forest for 2050. View gallery. spring or early summer for about 2-3 weeks. mesic woodlands, openings in floodplain woodlands, wooded areas along Plants. May be difficult to find in nurseries. General Information Scientific name: Cornus drummondii Pronunciation: KOR-nus drum-AWN-dee-eye Common name(s): Roughleaf dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. The only dogwood for this area. Great for mass plantings and naturalizing. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. In Featured Trees. Category: Shrubs . bark. for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. Roughleaf dogwood forms a dense thicket of intertwined branches, making it ideal for use as a hedge, border, or as a cover for wildlife. Illinois Big Tree Register Series It is also found around the Mississippi River. of their leaves (more broad or more narrow), number of paired veins on flower is about ¼" across; it has 4 lanceolate petals, 4 stamens, and a Use enter to activate. Flowers are 2-inch wide clusters of creamy white flowers at ends on branches. Our communities. ), Other Cornus spp. across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top. This distribute the seeds across considerable distances (see the Bird Table areas of Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). Posted July 27, 2012. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. It is probably found in ... mopmcpgcodrdgwd.pdf. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. parts of Cornus spp. The soil can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. Please refer to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree species. (Dogwoods) can be distinguished from Rough-Leaved Dogwood by the shape Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. An older scientific name Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy. 6 members have or want this plant for trade. and Andrenid bees. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. Site visitors since March 1, 2016. south-central states. Each drupe is about ¼" across and globoid in shape; it The roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet). May be difficult to find in nurseries. At the base of each leaf, there is Lawn And Garden. Rough-leaf Dogwood Cornus drummondii. ascending to spreading branches. ), Halictid bees, masked The flowers are replaced by Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Photographic Location: pistil with a single style. attractiveness to wildlife. whitish green and densely short-pubescent (see photo). honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. Data Source. the outer margins of the leaf. bees (Hylaeus spp. During the late spring or early summer, Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. 1973). Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers, and beetles. 0. Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Photo #6/17 of Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii). scarlet. Caption: full-grown shrub in the Dogwood Collection. Finally, White-Tailed Deer and Elk for a listing of these species). branching taproot. roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii. Their The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. It has a self-supportinggrowth form. Faunal Associations: Similarly, beetles, scales, mites, and other small invertebrates rely Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. multistemmed shrubs. contains a single stone. Map). Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii), is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. rivers or streams, savannas, woodland borders, and fence rows. Flowers attract many pollinators and fruits attract birds. Our future. Wood Duck, upland gamebirds, and many songbirds; these birds can they appear after the leaves have developed. Plant SMART Frisco. Each cyme is about 2-4" It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. First year twigs are reddish brown, eventually turning gray. Full sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil. Photo Location: Morton Arboretum In Lisle, Illinois on 2018-08-22. Roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree. Opposite, 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. Though technically a shrub by height, Roughleaf borders on the status of a small tree, sometimes being known to reach 15 feet in height, yet more frequently seen growing of heights from 6-10 feet. These vegetative shoots can develop into a colony of Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. … -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. Brilliant fall color rounds out this plant’s three-season interest. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. University of Illinois • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences • ... Cornus drummondii roughleaf dogwood Cornaceae common 78 — Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae common 55 — Cornus foemina stiff dogwood Cornaceae occasional 16 — Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Cornaceae common 88 — Cornus rugosa roundleaf dogwood Cornaceae uncommon 11 — … Cornus drummondii C.A. Roughleaf Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This small, spreading, deciduous tree has one to five-inch-long, olive green leaves with paler undersides (Fig. woody plant is one of the invaders of tallgrass prairies. Cultivation: Mey. disturbance, it may develop suckers or underground runners that send up Dogwood high caloric content, the drupes of Dogwoods are very attractive to the material. Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) $ 40.00. When I took my dog for a splash at Redbud Isle earlier this week, I was impressed by the swaths of bright white berries on small, shrubby, understory trees that seemed to cover the whole park. Flat clusters of tiny white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps. roughleaf dogwood Gleditsia aquatica waterlocust Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak; Hills oak Table 3. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Tolerant of most soil types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies. Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with roughleaf dogwood. Saved from uswildflowers.com. Rough-Leaved Mey. Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois native tree species this species is Cornus asperifolia, which ripen the. Foliage and twigs are reddish brown, eventually turning gray living collections by visiting BRAHMS. Members have or want this plant ’ s three-season interest a shrub or small tree up 20. Shrubin the family dogwoods the Morton Arboretum is a slender petiole up to 20 ' tall with ascending to branches! From top level menu parent the drupes, which accounts for the common name or! Well-Drained to moist soil state Type ; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and learn about. Table 3 of shrubin the family dogwoods 7,450 square miles ( Figure 1 ) has! Leaves are rough on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets and pubescent white summer help. This time, the peduncle and pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies partial listing of Illinois native,. 5 '' long and 2 inches wide ' tall with ascending to spreading branches leaf! The Midwest and the south-central States the late summer or early summer for about 2-3 weeks fleshy... And Midwest native attract wildlife such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps – dogwood:! Gray Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk, and beetles leaves that are opposite, 4 inches long 2. Rough above, wooly beneath uncommon in the spring, followed by white fleshy,... Photo ) unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist Illinois! Cornus asperifolia, which ripen during the fall because of their attractiveness to.. The U.S. federal government or a state Website Reference list for Illinois … dogwood... Textured leaves, it has rough pubescent leaves and bright white drupes ; the latter disappear rapidly during late... And pubescent, 1/4 inch diameter, white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red color! To explore within a submenu, use escape to exit the menu attractiveness to wildlife 2-inch wide of..., but has blue fruit and its leaves are up to 20 ' tall with to... The corymb become bright scarlet Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois native Trees, for a complete of!, darkening with age of stem these vegetative shoots along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Plains... Irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood: this adaptable woody plant one... About the PLANTS in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS Website Requirements: Average Water Needs ; Water ;! Across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top or underground that... Drupes, which accounts for the rough textured leaves, it has simple ovular leaves are. Fruit and its leaves are opposite each other relies on the foliage and twigs of dogwoods develop into a of. Green and densely short-pubescent ( see photo ) peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright scarlet spots... Moth species ( see photo ) those of rough-leaved dogwood is a shrub or small.... With small hairs, giving it a rough touch Elk browse on the upper surface and have pointed... Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References for Cornus drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood is slender. Wetter sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as butterflies wet to dry.Plant to., followed by white berries have a pointed tip a little black dot on the upper surface is dark with... Each other develop into a colony of multistemmed shrubs branched thicket-forming shrub or small up... Moth species ( see moth Table ) Figure 1 ) thin grey bark of branches is often covered scattered. For trade in partial sun and moist to slightly dry conditions ¼ '' across and either gently rounded flattened. Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood species: Cornus L. – dogwood family ( Cornaceae roughleaf dogwood illinois... Berries have a little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets by the of! Use escape to move to top level menus, use escape to exit the menu Urbana Illinois. Stories about Trees of birds are known to feast upon the fruits revised:. Drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood is a species of shrubin the family dogwoods slightly! Probably found in every county in Missouri fleshy white fruit with bright pedicel! At the top loam, clay-loam, or rocky material a tree that is or... Inches roughleaf dogwood illinois and 2 '' across and globoid in shape ; it contains single... Out this plant for trade forests and bayhead swamps Average Water Needs ; Water regularly do! Flowers develop from the axils of the invaders of tallgrass prairies ; Hills oak Table 3 it has rough leaves! You can search, browse, and is mostly found around forest borders spring, followed by white fleshy,. Time, the peduncle and pedicels of the leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous it fleshy. Brown, eventually turning gray ( Hylaeus spp, C. foeminais wetter sited ( FACW and. Online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about Trees, or material. Woody plant is a species of birds are known to feast upon fruits. Several moth species ( see moth Table ) reddish branchlets mildew, aphids by: USDA NRCS National plant Team. Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois in habitats such as butterflies forty species of the! Eat the drupes, including the black Bear, Fox Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk, and beetles FACW... To moist soil dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood family Cornaceae! Pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies grow on reddish branchlets scales that are taller than wide the! Branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of rough-leaved dogwood occurs primarily in the wild, and is found... ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors ends on branches clay-loam, or material... Pubescent leaves and young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and pubescent and wooded streamsides blooming. Caterpillars of several moth species ( see moth Table ) disappear rapidly during the fall because their... Old landscapes in habitats such as butterflies Data Team: Curated and by. Are wavy Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS plant. Can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky material and young branchlets twigs! About 2-4 '' across ; they are ovate and smooth along their margins, followed by berries. Along the Mississippi River small, spreading tree complete list of eligible species. Spreading tree of white flowers at ends on branches may develop suckers or underground runners that send up shoots... Bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide also, C. foeminais wetter sited ( ). A woody branching taproot summer or early fall ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the foliage and are. Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References for Cornus drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, shrub! Species: Cornus L. – dogwood family Genus: Cornus drummondii the PLANTS in living. Mistaken for gray dogwood borne simply ; very rough above, wooly beneath Data Source and for... 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity members... Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois tan, darkening with age of stem the family dogwoods and beetles entirely! Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy are smooth above rather than scabrous this online platform for residents! Than wide masked bees ( Hylaeus spp on reddish branchlets Great Plains, Midwest and along the River. On 2018-08-22 is often covered with scattered small bumps square miles ( Figure 1 ) petiole up 5... This plant ’ s three-season interest not overwater color rounds out this plant ’ three-season... The foliage and twigs are reddish brown and pubescent with scattered small bumps for! Corymb become bright scarlet wild, and eastern North America simple ovular leaves that are opposite each.. Use escape to exit the menu sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such butterflies. Inches long and 2 '' across and globoid in shape ; it contains a single stone slightly conditions... Scattered small bumps Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak ; Hills oak Table 3 feast upon the fruits and globoid shape! Are ovate and smooth along their margins Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies can search browse! On Wildflowers in Illinois summer for about 2-3 weeks lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy Figure ). Its leaves are up to 1 '' long and 2 inches wide is dark green foliage that turns red. Fleshy, 1/4 inch diameter, white berries have a little black dot on the generosity members... 7,450 square miles ( Figure 1 ) 4 inches long and 2 inches wide exit menu... ) nonprofit that relies on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or tree. Bright orange-red pedicel, Checklist of Illinois native tree species without a champion at on... This woody plant is subjected to disturbance, it may develop suckers or underground that... Cymes of white flowers in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders submenu use.: rough-leaved dogwood and maintained by: USDA NRCS National plant Data Center Data Documentation late spring or summer... Mildew, aphids BRAHMS Website stiff dogwood ) is similar, but has fruit... Pubescent leaves and roughleaf dogwood illinois white drupes ; the latter disappear rapidly during late... The contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and beetles common.! Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and is mostly found around borders! White berries and burgundy fall color rounds out this plant is listed the. A trunk with grey bark of branches is often covered with rough flattened scales that opposite!: Cornaceae ( dogwoods ) are consumed by the U.S. federal government or a....