Not pull the platform out of plumb in relation to the hoisting equipment. (ii) The transfer device must be used only for transferring workers. For telescopic boom cranes: Clearly mark the cable (so that it can be easily seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking, and use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. (ii) Where employees are hoisted while the equipment is traveling, all of the following criteria must be met: (A) Equipment travel must be restricted to a fixed track or runway. Confirm that, upon the completion of the trial lift process, the test weight has been removed. The platform must be lowered by controlled load lowering, braked, and held in a suspended position for a minimum of five minutes with the test load evenly distributed on the platform. A trial lift with the unoccupied personnel platform loaded at least to the anticipated liftweight must be made from ground level, or any other location where employees will enter the platform, to each location at which the platform is to be hoisted and positioned. An existing surface may be used as long as it meets these criteria. The employee must use personal fall protection equipment, including a full body harness, attached independent of the crane/derrick. (2) The platform must be lowered by controlled load lowering, braked, and held in a suspended position for a minimum of five minutes with the test load evenly distributed on the platform. Where there is more than one location to be reached from a single set-up position, either individual trial lifts for each location, or a single trial lift, in which the platform is moved sequentially to each location, must be performed; the method selected must be the same as the method that will be used to hoist the personnel. Where the terms “personnel platform” or “platform” are used in these paragraphs, substitute them with “boatswains chair.”. When hoisting an employee in pile driving operations, the following requirements must be met: (1) The employee must be in a personnel platform or boatswain's chair. (ii) Articulating cranes must be equipped with a properly functioning automatic overload protection device. (i) The platform must be hoisted a few inches with the personnel and materials/tools on board and inspected by a competent person to ensure that it is secure and properly balanced. (n) Hoisting personnel near power lines. 1/2 inch openings), unless full protection is necessary. If the hoist is modified in any way, the employer must get a new statement of the revised safe work load. Equipment with a luffing jib must be equipped with: A jib angle indicator, readily visible to the operator, and. Suspended platforms can be equipped with manual, pneumatic or electric hoists.Electric hoists for suspended platforms are specially designed for lifting personnel. If due to the size of the personnel platform, such as a 1-person platform, it is infeasible for the door to swing inward and allow safe entry for the platform occupant, then the access gate/door may swing outward. (iii) The number of workers occupying the transfer device must not exceed the maximum number it was designed to hold. The construction elevator must have a full height (2) Capacity: Use of boom-attached personnel platforms. The occupant using the controls in the platform must be a qualified person with respect to their use, including the safe limitations of the equipment and hazards associated with its operation. (iii) Not pull the platform out of plumb in relation to the hoisting equipment. Additionally, the number of personnel on the platform is limited to 50% of the total payload. (4) Eyes in wire rope slings must be fabricated with thimbles. Except over water, employees occupying the personnel platform must be provided and use a personal fall arrest system. (s) Hoisting personnel for storage-tank (steel or concrete), shaft and chimney operations. (i) Except over water, employees occupying the personnel platform must be provided and use a personal fall arrest system. SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION, Subpart CC. When there is no adequate structure for attachment of personal fall arrest equipment as required in § 1926.502(d)(15), the attachment must be to the lower load block or overhaul ball. If due to the size of the personnel platform, such as a 1-person platform, it is infeasible for the door to swing inward and allow safe entry for the platform occupant, then the access gate/door may swing outward. (iii) The employee must be hoisted in a slow, controlled descent and ascent. The employee must be hoisted in a slow, controlled descent and ascent. (C) Equipment travel must be limited to boom length. If the platform is tied to the structure, the operator must not move the platform until the operator receives confirmation that it is freely suspended. Attended by the equipment operator, signal person (if used for the lift), employees to be hoisted, and the person responsible for the task to be performed. (3) Capacity: Hoisting personnel without a personnel platform. (iv) Equipment with telescoping booms must be equipped with a device to indicate the boom's extended length clearly to the operator, or must have measuring marks on the boom. After proof testing, a competent person must inspect the platform and rigging to determine if the test has been passed. When the occupied personnel platform is in a stationary working position, the load and boom hoist brakes, swing brakes, and operator actuated secondary braking and locking features (such as pawls or dogs) or automatic secondary brakes must be engaged. Multiple part lines must not be twisted around each other. ", The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a), (c), (d)(1), (d)(3), (d)(4), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (f)(1), (f)(2)(i), (f)(3)(i), (g), (h), (j), (k)(1), (k)(6), (k)(8), (k)(9), (k)(11)(i), (m), and (n). (7) Platforms with controls. Other demands relating to this equipment include: " The platform shall be capable of supporting its own weight and at least five times the maximum intended load. (1) When using equipment to hoist employees, the employees must be in a personnel platform that meets the requirements of paragraph (e) of this section. A qualified person must determine if, in light of indications of dangerous weather conditions, or other impending or existing danger, it is not safe to lift personnel. (10) In addition to the use of hard hats, employees must be protected by overhead protection on the personnel platform when employees are exposed to falling objects. (4) When the occupied personnel platform is in a stationary working position, the load and boom hoist brakes, swing brakes, and operator actuated secondary braking and locking features (such as pawls or dogs) or automatic secondary brakes must be engaged. (3) Before employees exit or enter a hoisted personnel platform that is not landed, the platform must be secured to the structure where the work is to be performed, unless the employer can demonstrate that securing to the structure would create a greater hazard. Maintenance, including preventive maintenance, and . Keep all parts of the body inside the platform during raising, lowering, and horizontal movement. The total weight of the loaded personnel platform must not exceed 50 percent of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the equipment (except during proof testing). The weight of the platform and its rated capacity must be conspicuously posted on the platform with a plate or other permanent marking. If any deficiencies are found that pose a safety hazard, the platform and rigging must not be used to hoist personnel unless the deficiencies are corrected, the test is repeated, and a competent person determines that the test has been passed. ■Minimize tipping caused by personnel movement on platforms by having an appropriate suspension system. [75 FR 48159, August 9, 2010; 85 FR 8746, Feb 18, 2020], Occupational Safety & Health Administration. ASME has developed ASME B30.23 under the procedures of ANSI. (2) The trial lift must be performed immediately prior to each shift in which personnel will be hoisted. The fall arrest system, including the attachment point (anchorage) used to comply with paragraph (i) of this section, must meet the requirements in § 1926.502. (1) At each jobsite, prior to hoisting employees on the personnel platform, and after any repair or modification, the platform and rigging must be proof tested to 125 percent of the platform's rated capacity. (6) Direct attachment of a personnel platform to a luffing jib is prohibited. (ii) Evenly distributed within the confines of the platform while it is suspended. The requirements of this section are supplemental to the other requirements in this subpart and apply when one or more employees are hoisted. The man basket must clearly indicate load-bearing capacity on the … (1) A trial lift with the unoccupied personnel platform loaded at least to the anticipated liftweight must be made from ground level, or any other location where employees will enter the platform, to each location at which the platform is to be hoisted and positioned. The equipment must be uniformly level, within one percent of level grade, and located on footing that a qualified person has determined to be sufficiently firm and stable. The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a), (c), (d)(1), (d)(3), (d)(4), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (f)(1), (f)(2)(i), (f)(3)(i), (g), (h), (k)(1), (k)(6), (k)(8), (k)(9), (k)(11)(i), (m), (n). (i) Hooks used in the connection between the hoist line and the personnel platform (including hooks on overhaul ball assemblies, lower load blocks, bridle legs, or other attachment assemblies or components) must be: (A) Of a type that can be closed and locked, eliminating the throat opening. Equipment (except for derricks and articulating cranes) with a variable angle boom must be equipped with all of the following: A boom angle indicator, readily visible to the operator, and. If it is not, the lifting operation must not begin (or, if already in progress, must be terminated). Headroom must be sufficient to allow employees to stand upright in the platform. (D) If the load rope is slack, the hoisting system must be inspected to ensure that all ropes are properly seated on drums and in sheaves. Held to review the applicable requirements of this section and the procedures that will be followed. This paragraph does not apply to work covered by subpart R (Steel Erection) of this part and also does not apply to routine personnel access to an underground worksite via shaft as covered by § 1926.800 (Underground Construction) of this part. If the manufacturer of the machine has designed it with this 10-inch limitation, then it would also be a violation of §1926.451(a)(6) to exceed it. Personnel Platform Design and Specifications: • Personnel platform and suspension systems shall be designed by a Qualified Professional Engineer or a qualified person competent in structural design. OSHA implemented revised rules for personnel lifting by use of a platform and a crane in the construction industry with the publishing of the final rule 1926.1431(g)(1)(i)(A) and 1926.1501(g)(4)(iv)(B) Hoisting Personnel. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. (i) No lifts must be made on any other of the equipment's load lines while personnel are being hoisted, except in pile driving operations. • The suspension systems … (2) If using a personnel platform, paragraphs (a) through (n) of this section apply. (2) For lattice boom cranes: Clearly mark the cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking, or use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. (See § 1926.1417 for tag-out and related requirements.). Hoisting personnel for pile driving operations. The lift will not exceed 50 percent of the equipment's rated capacity at any time during the lift. In addition to the use of hard hats, employees must be protected by overhead protection on the personnel platform when employees are exposed to falling objects. (vii) No more than one person must be hoisted at a time. (i) Personnel platforms must be used only for employees, their tools, and the materials necessary to do their work. Must have a tag or equivalent system in place to demonstrate adequate maintenance and inspection records (including date, time, etc. If it is not, the lifting operation must not begin (or, if already in progress, must be terminated). The use of equipment to hoist employees is prohibited except where the employer demonstrates that the erection, use, and dismantling of conventional means of reaching the work area, such as a personnel hoist, ladder, stairway, aerial lift, elevating work platform, or scaffold, would be more hazardous, or is not possible because of the project’s structural design or worksite conditions. A qualified person familiar with structural design must design the personnel platform and attachment/suspension system used for hoisting personnel. (2) The system used to connect the personnel platform to the equipment must allow the platform to remain within 10 degrees of level, regardless of boom angle. If using a marine-hoisted personnel transfer device: The transfer device must be used only for transferring workers. (c) Personnel Platforms. For telescopic boom cranes: Clearly mark the cable (so that it can be easily seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking, and use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. position unless so designed. Platforms used for lifting personnel must be designed with a minimum safety factor of five and designed by a professional engineer or a qualified person competent in structural design. Not stand, sit on, or work from the top or intermediate rail or toeboard, or use any other means/device to raise their working height. The employee must be in a personnel platform or boatswain's chair. The platform overhead protection must not obscure the view of the operator or platform occupants (such as wire mesh that has up to This exception does not apply to rubber-tired equipment. Free fall of the load line hoist is prohibited (see § 1926.1426(d); the use of equipment in which the boom hoist mechanism can free fall is also prohibited (see § 1926.1426(a)(1). This statement must be posted where the hoist operator can see it. Shackles used in place of hooks must be of the alloy anchor type, with either: A bolt, nut and retaining pin, in place; or. (3) The suspension system must be designed to minimize tipping of the platform due to movement of employees occupying the platform. (5) All welding of the personnel platform and its components must be performed by a certified welder familiar with the weld grades, types and material specified in the platform design. Where there is more than one location to be reached from a single set-up position, either individual trial lifts for each location, or a single trial lift, in which the platform is moved sequentially to each location, must be performed; the method selected must be the same as the method that will be used to hoist the personnel. An existing surface may be used as long as it meets these criteria. The employee must use personal fall protection equipment, including a full body harness, attached independent of the crane/derrick. Capacity: Use of boom-attached personnel platforms. The trial lift must be performed immediately prior to each shift in which personnel will be hoisted. When wind speed (sustained or gusts) exceeds 20 mph at the personnel platform, a qualified person must determine if, in light of the wind conditions, it is not safe to lift personnel. (ii) Factory-produced boom-mounted personnel platforms that incorporate a winch as original equipment. Points to which personal fall arrest systems are attached must meet the anchorage requirements in subpart M of this part. (3) After proof testing, a competent person must inspect the platform and rigging to determine if the test has been passed. The primary attachment must be centered over the platform. If a device stops working properly during such operations, the operator must safely stop operations. (B) Where the employer demonstrates that there is no less hazardous way to perform the work. Where the terms “personnel platform” or “platform” are used in these paragraphs, substitute them with “boatswain's chair.”. When hoisting personnel without a personnel platform pursuant to paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the total load (including the hook, load line, rigging and any other equipment that imposes a load) must not exceed 50 percent of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the equipment, except during proof testing. The following conditions must be determined by a competent person to exist before the lift of personnel proceeds: Hoist ropes must be free of deficiencies in accordance with § 1926.1413(a). This trial run can be performed at the same time as the trial lift required by paragraph (h) of this section which tests the lift route. Where the platform is equipped with controls, all of the following must be met at all times while the platform is occupied: (i) The occupant using the controls in the platform must be a qualified person with respect to their use, including the safe limitations of the equipment and hazards associated with its operation. Platforms and suspension systems must be designed by a qualified person. Don’t A qualified person familiar with structural design must design the personnel platform and attachment/suspension system used for hoisting personnel 2. However, under 29 CFR 1926.451 for scaffolds, if the manufacturer’s operator manual states that a forklift is not to be used for elevating personnel platforms, use of the equipment to support such a p (ii) Shackles used in place of hooks must be of the alloy anchor type, with either: (A) A bolt, nut and retaining pin, in place; or. Lifting of personnel shall be avoided unless the risk has been demonstrated as being as low as is reasonably practicable. At each jobsite, prior to hoisting employees on the personnel platform, and after any repair or modification, the platform and rigging must be proof tested to 125 percent of the platform's rated capacity. Ladders, scaffolds, stairways, aerial lifts and personnel hoists must be considered before using a personnel … No more than one person must be hoisted at a time. (13) Traveling - derricks. Where the terms "personnel platform" or "platform" are used in these paragraphs, substitute them with "marine-hoisted personnel transfer device. Where the terms “personnel platform” or “platform” are used in these paragraphs, substitute them with “boatswains chair.”. Alternative measures are not permitted. (i) The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a), (c), (d)(1), (d)(3), (d)(4), (e)(1), (e)(2), (e)(3), (f)(1), (f)(2)(i), (f)(3)(i), (g), (h), (k)(1), (k)(6), (k)(8), (k)(9), (k)(11)(i), (m), (n). Moreover, the personnel platform should be capable of supporting its own weight and at least five times the … (1) The personnel platform and suspension system shall be designed by a register engineer. (iv) Each employee must wear a U.S. Coast Guard personal flotation device approved for industrial use. Rigging hardware must support 5 times the intended load The suspension system must be designed to reduce the risk of the p l a t f o r m tipping while occupied. Protection equipment, including a full body harness, attached independent of the revised safe work.! 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